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Drafter-Architectural designer-architect-whats the difference

Posted by kassikolo (My Page) on
Fri, Oct 19, 12 at 20:06

So we started with a drafter and he didnt seem to have any suggestion on the house plan we had in mind and i guess our personalities didnt match, so we decided to hire someone else.

1. By contract that we signed,out drafter was suppose to have the sets of blueprints, 3D and all the other good stuff, but we never even got to window or roof placement..we just did the floor plan alteration (that he scanned and readjusted)..His fee was $750 upfront and $750 when done...Since we decided not to go forward with him and hire someone else do we still need to pay him the remaining $750?

2. What is the difference between architect and architectural designer..We found an architectural designer we like, but not sure its same as drafter or more like an architect?


Follow-Up Postings:

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RE: Drafter-Architectural designer-architect-whats the difference

This is very simple: "architect" in all states with architectural and engineering regulations is a designation protected by law. That designation is strictly reserved only for those persons who have:

--graduated with a degree from an accredited university architectural degree-granting program;
--worked under the direct supervision of a licensed architect and gained practical experience in architecture for a minimum time, most generally 3 years;
--successfully passed a written and oral examination on the field and in the practice of architecture, administered by the state in which the architect-in-training wishes to practice.

In other words, architect is a term reserved by law only for those who have met a state's standards for education, training and written/oral examination for the field of architecture.

This is a common approach for all "professions"--architecture, engineering, law, medicine, pharmacy, etc.

I may be wrong, but I am not aware of any state standards to use the term designer. "Architectural" designer is a term not permitted in many states with an architectural-engineering statute.

Said differently, as far as I know, anyone can call themselves a drafter or designer. There are no standards or other requirements, as far as I know. The only persons that can call themselves an architect are those who have successfully met their state mandated standards.


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RE: Drafter-Architectural designer-architect-whats the difference

what virgil said. To have the label of an architect, one must have a license. You can only get it by doing the tasks virgil laid out. There can be serious fines for people calling themselves architects and attempting to practice as one without a license. However there are architectural interns, or more recently associate architects. This is a person in training, graduated from the accredited college (typically a 5 year program) and is currently in the training and testing phases.

However your question is really "what is the difference between them". From a design/drawing/detailing standpoint, an architect should be able to provide a much different and higher level of service, but at a much higher cost. Drafters typically do not design nor carry any liability for the design. Anything structural not covered by building codes will typically still need an engineers stamp. Something an architect can provide without one in many states (mine included). They will typically work with you to develope a design from the beginning based on your needs (or program). I will take a client through 4 steps: Schematic design (getting it the ideas roughed out and identifying the needs of the client), design development (pin pointing the details of the design and getting the floor plan solid and moving to exterior design), work drawings (developing the drawings for construction and specs), and finally construction administration (help you through construction, checking shop drawings, taking care of issues with the builder, etc). A drafter or design will typically not do any of that, but your 750 each price reflect that too.

for the other question, you can typically terminate your contract if they (drafter) is not providing the detailed items in the contract. If they are, and you are looking for design and things not really stated in the contract, then it is much harder to get out. The easiest step is to talk with him/her and see if they would be willing to cancel the 2nd payment and terminate the job.


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RE: Drafter-Architectural designer-architect-whats the difference

The contract with the drafter should have a termination clause. If it does, use it to terminate the contract and pay him what you think he actually did. Ask him for a full accounting of his time and materials. If the contract does not have such a clause you can still claim he did not meet his contractural obligation and reduce his fee accordingly but you must do it in writing.

In the 10+ states where I have practiced the descriptions "architect" and "architectural designer" are "professional titles" and can only be used by those who have a valid state architectural registration similar to engineers, lawyers and doctors. Most states simply forbid the use of any variation of the title "architect" but some states specifically list "architectural designer" as requiring a registration. The obvious intent of these laws is to prevent anyone from fraudulently suggesting to a client that they have the legal capacity of a licensed architect.

Home designers without professional training are often either not aware of the title restrictions or they are but don't care because the enforcement in their state is lax. Usually the biggest risk someone takes by practicing architecture without a license is that they cannot use the courts to enforce their contract; in other words, you can refuse to pay them if there is proof that they have led you to believe they are licensed to practice architecture. It can have occurred in their original proposal; they don't have to do any work to be in violation.

In some states the punishment is a fine and in others it is prosecuted as consumer fraud and can involve a prison term.

I did a check of a dozen ads on the internet for my state and found that a third of them called themselves architects or architectural designers but were not registered. To turn them in you must fill out a form and give your name and address it doesn't happen too often. If you contact the principal of the firm he/she will say the website listed their ad under the caption "Architects" or added the restricted title to their ad. They also find a way to introduce variations of the word "architect" in reference to training, projects, other firms or relatives.

If you tell us the state where the project is located we can tell you what the law is.


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RE: Drafter-Architectural designer-architect-whats the difference

NCARB (National Council of Architectural Registration Boards) uses the title of "Intern Architect" for those who are actively participating in the formal NCARB intern process that leads to taking the national NCARB registration exam and that title is allowed by state registration boards because they make up NCARB.

The AIA (American Institute of Architects) grants an Associate Membership to certain qualified people who are not architects but to my knowledge the title "Associate Architect" would be an unauthorized use of the title "architect". Why would a state allow anyone to use a title that clearly suggests that someone might have a legal capacity that they do not have?

When the world renown French/Swiss architect Le Corbusier designed the Carpenter Center in Cambridge MA he was listed on the job sign as the designer, not the architect, the associate architect or the architectural designer.


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RE: Drafter-Architectural designer-architect-whats the difference

For the record, an "Associate Architect" is defined as:

"The architect of record, which completes the details and drawings needed to realize a design."

"An associate architect is the firm which completes the technical drawings and design details necessary for the realization of a concept by the design architect on a project."


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RE: Drafter-Architectural designer-architect-whats the difference

Nowadays anybody with an architectural CAD programme is an "architect". Much like any bookkeeper is an "accountant" and anyone with a rusty toolset is a "dentist".

At least, when you use a self-designated "architect," you can run the results past a licenced P.Eng so the building is structurally sound if built as designed.


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RE: Drafter-Architectural designer-architect-whats the difference

A drafter is someone who can use software to create the exact floor plan that you drew on a paper napkin. That is very far from an actual buildable home plan though, and it's unlikely that you can get to that without a lot more money spent with engineering professionals who actually have to calculate how to span that 30 foot open concept living room without any support posts in the middle. There won't be any real knowledge of building codes or material limitations behind that floorplan. It's more of "taking dictation" than it is anything else.

An architectural designer is someone who actually knows that there will be a problem with planning a room with a 30 foot span, and knows enough to suggest an engineer to solve the problem of how to accomplish that. They might even have suggestions as to how to improve the paper napkin drawings for better traffic flow or furniture layout. In a lightly regulated location, plans from this source may be enough to get a building permit, but you will need a pretty experienced and patient builder to do some heavy lifting on the project.

An architect is someone who already knows how to solve the problem of a 30 foot span in the living space and probably has any needed engineer's that your municipality might require to stamp the plans on speed dial. However, he will understand the ideas behind those paper napkin jottings of a 30 foot great room and will use his education and experience to make suggestions to you that suit the home's building site and how your family lives based on those needs behind the rudimentary paper napkin floorplans that you drew. For instance, the "problem" behind that drawing of a 30 foot span is in keeping the person in the kitchen from feeling like a maid who isn't part of the family while dinner is being prepared. The amateur solution of having a 30 foot open echoey and loud space isn't the best solution for a family that likes to entertain. A better solution could involve more walls to keep the mess private when entertaining, but accordian style French doors that could open and be stacked to create the open space when it's just family.


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RE: Drafter-Architectural designer-architect-whats the difference

You're going up the ability and responsibility scale there. A drafter has zero responsibility to create a home that you would actually enjoy living in. They're there to translate some ideas into some plans. They are occasionally employed by firms to do nothing else. They aren't there to have any design initiative, and in fact could incur liability for the architectural firm if they did so. They are workmen, not craftsmen.

An architectural designer is usually an experienced drafter who thinks that they now have the skills to be able to branch out, but doesn't have the schooling to become an architect. Some are right, and they do have the talent to design some homes. Others are abysmally wrong, and give everyone associated with architecture a bad name because people don't understand the differences. Builders will usually employ "home designers" or "architectural designers" to do basic modifications to stock plans so that they can call themselves "custom" builders. They aren't, and if the plans that the designer is modifying weren't bought with the rights to both build and modify, then they are committing copyright infringement and can be sued. You can't just grab a floorplan off of the internet and hire a designer to do your version of it.

An architect first of all has a grounding in the history of building, which a lot of current builders think of as passe. It's not. Studying what has worked in the past as far as proportions and techniques helps you to design something that looks nice today and won't fall down. An architect has a LOT of school and a lot of experience on board before they can even call themselves an architect. That alone tells you that if you want something non cookie cutter that using an architect should be a given on your project.

Just like with your dentist, or your dry cleaner, some are better and more capable than others, no matter what the title.


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RE: Drafter-Architectural designer-architect-whats the difference

The point of my explanation regarding unregistered designers describing themselves as "architectural designers" is that it is wise to avoid anyone who would intentionally mislead the public about their professional training and legal capacity.

So, we should not be helping those people to misrepresent themselves by using that description as if it were a legitimate title.


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also

Wikipedia seems to be the new authority on everything and it says:

"In most developed countries, only qualified persons - those with the appropriate licensure, certification, or registration with a relevant body, often governmental - are legally permitted to practice architecture. Such licensure usually requires an accredited university degree, successful completion of exams, and a training period. The use of terms and titles, including derivatives such as Architectural Designer, and the representation of oneself as an architect is restricted to licensed individuals by law."

Why would you hire someone who is willing to violate state law to misrepresent their professional qualifications and legal capacity?


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definition

Here is Wikipedia's definition of "Architectural Designer":

"An architectural designer is an architect that is primarily involved in the design of buildings or urban landscapes, as opposed to the construction documents and management required to construct it. Non-registered designers are similar, but cannot legally refer to themselves as 'architectural' designers in most parts of the world. "

Here is a link that might be useful: Architectural Designer definition


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RE: Drafter-Architectural designer-architect-whats the difference

It was simple when we started. And it's still simple: An "architectural designer" is an architect. Everyone else isn't.

In states with architectural-engineering practice acts, it's illegal to use "architect" or any derivation of the word if one is not an architect. This is to clarify and eliminate confusion such as threads like this.

Either one is an architect or one is not.


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RE: Drafter-Architectural designer-architect-whats the difference

In my jurisdiction, as in many Western countries, there are other categories of recognized building design professionals. These are building technicians (2 year programme) and architectural/building technologists (3 year programme). Major tract builders here use a combination of technologist firms and in-house architects.


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RE: Drafter-Architectural designer-architect-whats the difference

Someone who has met the requirements to be an "Architectural Technologist" in Canada may use that title and design small buildings but they do not have the same legal capacity as an architect. I suspect that, other than the right to use the title, they don't have any greater legal capacity than anyone else.

The same is true of certain certifications in the US. If someone has met the requirements of the National Council of Building Designer Certification (NCBDC) they may use the title of "Certified Professional Building Designer (CPBD)" but they don't have any greater legal capacity than anyone else.

If someone meets the requirements of the Nevada State Board of Architecture, Interior Design and Residential Design, they may use the title, "Residential Designer", but they don't have any greater legal capacity than anyone else..

What is different about the US is that all states restrict the use of the title "Architectural Designer" to registered architects because it is thought that regardless of their training such a title would lead the public to think the person had the same legal capacity as an architect.

We are focusing on 1&2 family homes so it is easy to forget that all other buildings are required to be designed, supervised and certified by an architect (usually when the design is incidental to the structural design, an engineer can design the building).


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RE: Drafter-Architectural designer-architect-whats the difference

Reno8, depending on how the A-E act is worded in each individual state, some buildings are exempt from the requirement to use an architect or engineer. For example, certain single-family residential uses and/or agricultural uses such as barns and other ancillary buildings.

In the U.S., perhaps unlike Canada or elsewhere, there are no other permitted uses of the title "architect", or any derivation of the word. One is either an architect or not, just as one is either a physician, pharmacist, attorney, etc. or not. All of these professions are granted their status and title only by successful combination of: 1) education; 2) experience/training; 3) examination.


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RE: Drafter-Architectural designer-architect-whats the difference

An architect has a license.

The others often are unregulated.


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RE: Drafter-Architectural designer-architect-whats the difference

It's strange that the two of you would tell me what I just told you. I expect an architect and an engineer to understand these issues but my comments were intended to make it clear to others that the repeated use of "architectural designer" to describe unregistered designers is misleading to the other members.

Perhaps you are not aware of the number of unregistered "architectural designers" who advertise on Craigslist and other internet sites. Many members on the Garden Web have hired such people thinking they were architects. It's a problem that should be taken more seriously.


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RE: Drafter-Architectural designer-architect-whats the difference

Do what? Craigslist? I had no idea that was happening.

Brickeye summarized it perfectly.


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RE: Drafter-Architectural designer-architect-whats the difference

Reno8, I think this thread has become so circular that It probably no longer has a direction, and perhaps no new information. The original question has been answered in a variety of ways, all with the same intent and the same information expressed in a variety of ways.

I hope the discussion has been informative and helpful for those looking for information. It's probably time to move on to other issues.


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RE: Drafter-Architectural designer-architect-whats the difference

Reno & Virgil: Do you two have some sort of back history on this forum? :) You seem to always be picking on each other (throw worthy in there too...)


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RE: Drafter-Architectural designer-architect-whats the difference

Brickeyee did not get it right. By law in the US an architect and an architectural designer are both registered architects.

An unregistered architectural designer is someone who is pretending to be an architect and that should not be recognized as legitimate on this forum.

If the discussion is circular it is because it keeps coming back to a misleading assumption that the members here need to be aware of.

I don't think anyone is picking on me but they seem to have fallen into a common trap: the misuse of a professional title is acceptable if it is common enough.

The members at the Garden Web deserve better information than that.


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RE: Drafter-Architectural designer-architect-whats the difference

Hi,

I think that for the average person building a house, the practical on the ground important point, is what the local building inspector will accept. In general this means a state licensed person which can stamp a set of plans to say that the house will not fall down.

The level of technical expertise varies with architects. From the extraordinary, e.g. Santiago Calatrava to others like Frank Lloyd Wright. Note however all the great architects, including FLW, had a understanding of roghtly where the limits of the engineering were. FLW would often push the limits to beyond what was possible at the time. His buildings were beautiful, but even the J&J headquarters had a leakly roof due to the glass rod water proofing, and Falling Water had sagging balconys.

Often on the really complex projects civil engineering firms are hired. Even then things can go spectacularly wrong. One example is the Citibank HQ in New York. The building was up, but it was only then that an architectural student pointed out that if the wind blew from a 45 degree direction, the building would start to oscilate. Wind loading had only be considered head on, the thinking had been that a head on wind would be the most stressful. This is true. But the dynamics of a 45 dgree wind causes dynamic turbulence in the form of spiral vortexs which can oscilate the building. In the end alot more structural steel had to be put in to make the building safe.

Best, Mike.


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RE: Drafter-Architectural designer-architect-whats the difference

Sweet.reverie, I have no back history with anyone here, and I respect Reno8's comments and postings, which I find to be informative and based on sound experience. His comments, as with all of the comments here, deserve careful consideration.

My apologies if I gave an impression of disagreement or disrespect. Certainly not my intent.


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RE: Drafter-Architectural designer-architect-whats the difference

Here is an example from CraigsList of the illegal use use of restricted professional titles. I don't care who uses this service but they deserve to know up front that the advertiser is illegally suggesting that he has the same capacity as an architect when he does not.

Category: Architectural Design (Wheelwright, MA)
Date: 2012-10-17, 10:43AM EDT
hvtqn-3345057985@serv.craigslist.org

Superb Architectural Design

Ware River Architectural Design is a full service architectural design studio located in Hardwick, MA. We have served the Central New England area since 1996.

We offer premium quality architectural, structural, site plan and subdivision design, and planning and engineering services to clients throughout Massachusetts and Southern New England.

Our pricing structure is competitive and calculated by the square foot of designed space. Our value-added plans packages include all other necessary construction documents required for permits as well as a complete bill of materials and labor costs sheet. This allows our clients the ability to accurately budget their project from design to completion.

We also provide project management, project cost estimating and permit acquisition assistance and public meeting attendance for both residential and light commercial projects.

Feel free to contact us today!
Learn more about my service
image
Daniel Damon
Wheelwright, MA 01094

Ware River Architectural Design

Here is a link that might be useful: the firm's web site


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RE: Drafter-Architectural designer-architect-whats the difference

I take no offense from Virgil's comments but both hollysprings and Greendesigns, who should know better, gave careful descriptions of the services an unregistered "architectural designer" might offer a homeowner without mentioning that the use of that title is deceptive and illegal.

This casual attitude potentially exposes homeowners to fraudulent designers and after 40 years of representing the interests of clients I find it very troubling.

The number of fake architects on the internet is staggering. There is a guy who hangs out near the plans examiner's counter at the Boston Building Dept who pretends to be an architect and uses a false address.

All we can do is alert the members here to be suspicious of terms like "architectural designer" and to be prepared to verify someone's professional credentials.


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RE: Drafter-Architectural designer-architect-whats the difference

I was the victim of a fraudulent "architect" and still worry that any damages caused by that person's incompetence might still cause me harm.

The guy I described earlier as hanging around the building department had provided design drawings for he renovation of a 3 family house in Boston. Because I was designing a very expensive kitchen renovation for the developer I was asked to modify and stamp the design drawings because the building department did not think the design was adequate and it had been stamped by an engineer who had been retired for 20 years.

What first puzzled me was that the building was drawn smaller than it actually was and the floor to floor heights were off by as much as a foot per floor. I became suspicious of such an obvious error and calculated the volume of the building as originally drawn and found that it was just under the 35,000 cu ft that triggers design and "Construction Control" by an architect which involves design, site supervision and certification of compliance by an architect.

The developer and contractor had knowingly allowed an "unregistered architectural designer" (calling himself xxxx Architectural Design & Construction Co. with no address or phone number) to design the building in order to avoid using a licensed architect and providing professional "Construction Control" of the project. I had stumbled into this fraud and if I stamped the drawings I would be perpetuating the fraud and could lose my license. On the other hand if I exposed the fraud I would lose a client and the fee I had already earned but more importantly the final building design might endanger the safety of future residents. We're talking about 4 stories of rear decks with an egress stairway in it.

I had an engineer design the structure properly and then after searching for hours on the internet I found the retired engineer and got him to stamp the drawings for free telling him I worked for the original designer (whom he fondly referred to as his young protege). He was a very considerate man who was unfortunately completely senile. He stamped and signed the drawings with the help of his wife without looking at them on the trunk of his car because he was leaving for the cape.

The project was not supervised by an architect but I stopped by when the structural work was complete wearing a well worn hard hat from the 60's and advised them that if they did not install the connectors as specified they would not get a C of O and that I was happy to wait while they did it. It didn't take long.

An owner can't ask for greater loyalty than that but I'll never do it again. When the contractor asked me to show imaginary existing framing members on the permit drawings I resigned from the kitchen project. I will never work for a developer or contractor again nor will I tolerate the fraudulent use of professional titles.


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RE: Drafter-Architectural designer-architect-whats the difference

An architect has a legal obligation to inform the building department of any building code violations or unsafe practices and has a legal obligation to inform the registration board of any violation of professional standards and rules.

If the fraud were to be exposed, the developer and contractor could claim they thought the designer was an architect and the evidence is right on the drawings.

The designer could claim that since he has no professional training he did not know he was prohibited from using "architectural" in his firm name. He might have to pay a few hundred dollars in fines.

However, if an architect becomes involved in any way he/she could be put on probation or lose their license.


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RE: Drafter-Architectural designer-architect-whats the difference

You mean, when Danny says "Licensed: Yes, I am appropriately licensed for my trade." he's, ah, fudging?

Check here.

Yeah, yeah, I know I'm pedantic and picky, picky, picky.


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RE: Drafter-Architectural designer-architect-whats the difference

You're not picky; I sent him an email and here is his response:

"The company name is ware River Architectural Design and we have several AIA certified architects we work with for stamp and review services on a per project basis. so that should answer your question, should you have nothing better to do and wish to file a complaint my contact info is below.

Good day,

Daniel C. Damon
Ware River Architectural Design
1926 Barre Road
Wheelwright, MA 01094
774-757-7602
www.wareriverplans.com"

I responded telling him at least one of the principals of his firm must be a licensed architect to offer the services on his web site. Hiring a consultant to stamp his drawings is illegal for his firm and the architect he hires. If the architect does all of the drawings he/she must be the person offering architectural design services.

I may file a complaint. He seems to be daring me to do it.


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RE: Drafter-Architectural designer-architect-whats the difference

FWIW, the AIA is a voluntary membership organization and does not "certify" anyone. In the U.S., states license architects. There is no such thing in the U.S. as a "certified" or a "registered" architect--only an architect "licensed" in the state of XXX, YYY.

State Architectural-Engineering laws may differ, but in general they require drawings to be prepared by, or under the direct supervision of a licensed architect.

Hope this helps.


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RE: Drafter-Architectural designer-architect-whats the difference

AIA is a "voluntary" membership organization?
What do you mean by voluntary?


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RE: Drafter-Architectural designer-architect-whats the difference

Like the (American Medical Association) AMA.

Of course, Danny Boy might avoid the whole hassle of p.oed architect's complaints by joining the AIBD (American Institute of Building Design)and advertising himself as a "building designer". Still, that appellation lacks a certain ring.

Further on this topic, see "Trust Me. I'm an (Unlicensed) Architect"

http://www.architectmagazine.com/legal-issues/trust-me-im-an-unlicensed-architect.aspx

Sorry, about the cut 'n paste. But GW doesn't handle aspx files.


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RE: Drafter-Architectural designer-architect-whats the difference

There really isn't any difference between a "registered" architect and a "licensed" architect". Some states prefer one term to the other and many both terms.

In Massachusetts I am issued a card that says "Division of Professional Licensure - Board of Architects as a Registered Architect - issues the above License to ....." At the bottom there is a "License No."

So, in MA I am licensed as a registered architect. My stamp says I am a "Registered Architect". On at least one local building permit form it asks for my Registration Number.

In Maine I am "licensed as an Architect" and issued a "License Number".

In California an architect must use the term "licensed" on a stamp.

It is easy for Ware River Architectural Design to get around the requirement that drawings be prepared under the supervision of an architect by associating with an architect for a project but it is more difficult to get around the requirement that at least one principal of your firm must be an architect in order to use the title "Architectural Design" in your firm name. In many states all of the principals of the firm must be architects.


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RE: Drafter-Architectural designer-architect-whats the difference

naf_naf: The AIA is a "voluntary" membership organization since it is not mandatory to join.

Those who join do so voluntarily and may use AIA after their name if they are a licensed architect and a member in good standing.

Non-licensed individuals, on licensure track, may join and use the title, Associate, AIA. The NCARB calls these folks "Intern-Architects", designated years ago after the medical profession.

FAIA (Fellow, The American Institute of Architects) is the AIA's highest recognition for individuals who are licensed architects and distinguish themselves in a variety of areas of the architectural field, and may also be used after one's name.

Thanks, Reno8--I hadn't heard about the MA language about "registered" architects. My base state was California. Sounds like different wording in the state's A-E act.


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RE: Drafter-Architectural designer-architect-whats the difference

I was a bit lost with the use of the word - I guess I was almost asleep.
I am very familiar with the AIA. I am a the local section vicepresident.
AIA is like Reno describe it a while ago: Some sort of a Club.


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RE: Drafter-Architectural designer-architect-whats the difference

One of the definitions of a profession is that it is self-regulated by a member run professional organization and for the architectural profession it is the AIA but it is not really a club. You pay dues but you must satisfy continuing education requirements to remain a member. More recently states have the same requirement so most architects must meet those requirements in order to stay licensed.

An Intern Architect must be in the Intern Development Program (IDP) and can automatically become an Associate AIA member but so can an architecture faculty member, someone who works under the supervision of an architect and anyone who has a degree in architecture even if they are not in the IDP.


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RE: Drafter-Architectural designer-architect-whats the difference

By law in the US an architect and an architectural designer are both registered architects. "

You checked the statutes of every state and sub-municipality that issues licenses?

That is usually a daunting tasks that usually takes a lot of time and money for data base accesses and searches.

Congratulations.


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RE: Drafter-Architectural designer-architect-whats the difference

The 50 states, the District of Columbia, Guam, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands issue architectural licenses and they are all members of the National Council of Architectural Registration Boards (NCARB) that writes and administers all of the license/registration exams. NCARB publishes standards but the members write their own laws.

NCARB's model architectural practice statute is becoming increasingly accepted making the laws more uniform. NCARB's model statute prohibits unlicensed persons "directly or indirectly engaging in the practice of architecture, from using the title of ‘architect,’ ‘registered architect,’ or ‘architectural designer,’ and from using ‘any words, letters, figures, titles, sign, card, advertisements, or other symbol or device indicating or tending to indicate that such person is an architect or is practicing architecture." This wording is intended to prohibits the use by unlicensed designers of "derivative" titles" that is becoming commonplace on on the internet and in promotional brochures.

I have been an active user of the services of NCARB for 40 years which allows me to become licensed in any state by filing a request and paying a fee. There is nothing they don't know about the practice of architecture in this hemisphere.

Yes, I have the architectural licensing statutes for all 50 states but I haven't taken the time to get the ones from the non-states.

What would you like to know?


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RE: Drafter-Architectural designer-architect-whats the difference

The use of the title “Architectural Designer” and similar titles derived from the words "architect" and "architecture" is restricted to licensed architects in all 50 states by the following legal prohibitions for unlicensed designers:

MASSACHUSETTS
Prohibition of the use of the title “Architectural Designer” or the display or use any words, letters, figures, title, sign, card, advertisement or other device to indicate that someone offers to engage or engages in the practice of architecture.

OKLAHOMA
Prohibition of the use of the title “Architectural Designer” or the display or use any words, letters, figures, titles, signs, cards, advertisements or other symbols or devices indicating or tending to indicate that someone is an architect.

LOUISIANA
Prohibition of the use of the title “Architectural Designer” or the use of Architectural Draftsman, Architectural Building Designer, Architecture and Architectural or anything confusingly similar.

WEST VIRGINIA
Prohibition of the use of the title “Architectural Designer” or the display any words, letters, figures, titles, sign, card, advertisement or other symbol or device indicating that someone is an architect.

IOWA
Prohibition of the use of the title “Architectural Designer” or to imply that a person is an architect.

WISCONSIN
Prohibition of the use of the title “Architectural Designer” or any other titles that include the terms “architect” or “architectural”.

MISSOURI
Prohibition of the use of the terms “architect”, “architecture” or “architectural” alone or together with any words that indicate or imply that a person is an architect.

VIRGINIA
Prohibition of advertising or promotion using the word “architecture” in a manner that indicates or implies someone is an architect.

TENNESSEE
Prohibition of the use of the appellation “architect, an appellation which compounds, modifies or qualifies the word “architecture”, or which gives or is designed to give the impression that the person using same is an architect.

NEVADA
Prohibition of the practice of architecture or use of the title “Architect” without an appropriate certificate of registration and the practice of residential design or the use of the title “Residential Designer” without an appropriate certificate of registration.

ILLINOIS
Prohibition of the use of the title “architect” or any of its derivations. OR advertising or displaying any sign or card or other device that might indicate to the public that the person or entity is entitled to practice as an architect or use the title “architect” or any of its derivations.

CALIFORNIA
Prohibition of advertising or promoting through the use of the word “architecture,” in a manner that indicates or implies that someone practices or offers to practice architecture.
Examples of recent enforcement:
$2,500 civil penalty for a web site advertising “architectural design services.”
$1,000 civil penalty for plans for a residence with “Almost Architecture” on title block.

VERMONT
Prohibition of use in connection with a person’s name any letters, words, title or insignia indicating or implying that someone is an architect.

ARKANSAS
Prohibition of the use of the designation “architect” or any term derived therefrom.

OREGON
Prohibition of the use of any title, sign, cards or device indicating, or tending to indicate that someone is an architect OR the use of words, title or insignia indicating or implying that someone is an architect.

RHODE ISLAND
Prohibition of use of any title, sign, card, or device implying OR the use of any title or description conveying or tending to convey the impression OR the use of any words, letters, figures, seals, or advertisements indicating or implying that someone is an architect.

NORTH DAKOTA
Prohibition of use of any term, title, or description or engaging in any other conduct that reasonably might be expected to mislead another to believe that someone is an architect, OR any variation of those terms, or any other words, letters, or device to indicate that someone is an architect.

SOUTH DAKOTA
Prohibition of advertising any title or description that may falsely convey the impression that someone is an architect.

IDAHO
Prohibition of putting forth any card, sign, or other device which would lead the public to believe that someone is an architect.

MARYLAND
Prohibition of use of the term “architecture” by description of services, methods, or procedures, or otherwise that someone is an architect.

MINNESOTA
Prohibition of use in connection with a person’s name or to otherwise assume, use or advertise any title or description tending to convey the impression that someone is an architect. The title “Architectural Intern” or “Intern Architect” is not allowed.

HAWAII
Prohibition of the use of any letters, words, title, sign, card or device to indicate that someone is an architect.

KENTUCKY
Prohibition of the use of any words or letters or assume any titles or descriptions tending to convey the impression that someone is an architect.

COLORADO
Prohibition of the improper use of the title “Architect” or the word “architect”.

WASHINGTON
Prohibition of representing through offerings, advertisements, or use of a professional title or designation that a person is an architect.

INDIANA
Prohibition of the advertising or putting out of any sign or card or other device which might indicate to the public that a person is entitled to practice as an architect.

NEW HAMPSHIRE
Prohibition of representing by verbal claim, sign, letterhead, card, or in any other way that someone is an architect.

ALASKA
Prohibition of the use in connection with a person’s name or otherwise assume or advertise a title or description tending to convey the impression that a person is an architect. OR through the use of other titles implies that a person is an architect.

ARIZONA
Prohibition of advertising or displaying any card, sign or other device that may indicate that a person is an architect.

MONTANA
Prohibition of the use of any words, letters, figures, or other device indicating that a person is an architect.

NEW MEXICO
Prohibition of the use of the terms “architect” or “architectural services” or any designation tending to imply that a person is an architect.

UTAH
Prohibition of the use the title “Architect” or any other words, letters, or abbreviations indicating that a person is an architect.

TEXAS
Prohibition of the use any form of the word “architect” or the word “architecture” to describe a person or a business association

KANSAS
Prohibition of the use of any title or description intended to convey the impression that a person is an architect or through the use of other titles implies the same.

NEBRASKA
Prohibition of the use in connection with a person’s name or otherwise assume the title of architect or advertise an title or description tending to convey the impression the person is an architect.

MICHIGAN
Prohibition of the use of the title “architect” by the Occupational Code. Those who design detached 1&2 family houses must use the title “Residential Building Designer” instead of a title derived from the title “architect” or “architecture”.

FLORIDA
Prohibition of the use of any form of the word “architect” or “architecture” in a name or to describe services offered.

OHIO
Prohibition against providing architectural services or to hold oneself out to the public as providing architectural services or use the name including the word “architect” or a modification or derivation of the word.

MAINE
Prohibition of displaying or using any words, letters, letters, figures, titles, sign, card advertisement or other symbol or device indicating or tending to indicate that someone is an architect.

NEW YORK
Prohibition of using in connection with a person’s name, or otherwise assume, use or advertise any title or description intending to convey the impression that the person is an architect.

NEW JERSEY
Prohibition of the use of the title “architect” or the term “architectural services”, or the substantial equivalent thereof. Acceptable titles for unlicensed persons in NJ are “space planning”, “interior design”, “interior design service” or the substantial equivalent thereof.

DELAWARE
Prohibition of the use in connection with the person's name, or otherwise assume, use or advertise any title or description intending to convey the impression that the person is an architect.

PENNSYLVANIA
Prohibition of the use any sign, card or device implying that such individual is an architect, or is competent to engage in the practice of architecture.

SOUTH CAROLINA
Prohibition of the use or display any title, sign, word, card, advertisement, or other device or method to indicate that the individual or firm engages in or offers to engage in the practice of architecture or is an architect.

NORTH CAROLINA
Prohibition of the use of the title "Architect" or any form thereof, or to display or use any words, letters, figures, titles, sign, card, advertisement, or other device to indicate that such individual or firm practices or offers to practice architecture.

MISSISSIPPI
Prohibition of advertising or putting out any sign or card or other device which might indicate to the public that the person is entitled to practice as an architect.

GEORGIA
Prohibition of the use of any word, letter, figure, or any other device indicating or intending to imply that someone is an architect.

WYOMING
Prohibition of using any title, sign, card or device to indicate that a person is practicing architecture or is an architect.

CONNECTICUT
Prohibition of display or use of any words, letters, figures, title, sign, seal, advertisement or other device to indicate that a person practices or offers to practice architecture.

ALABAMA
Prohibition of representing by use of a verbal claim, sign, advertisement, letterhead, card or any other way that a person is an architect with or without qualifying adjective, or when he or she implies that he or she is an architect through the use of some other title.


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RE: Drafter-Architectural designer-architect-whats the difference

Virginia is missing.


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RE: Drafter-Architectural designer-architect-whats the difference

OMG! Somebody please telephone 911!


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RE: Drafter-Architectural designer-architect-whats the difference

They're all there. It's annoying that the forum can't read punctuation from a word processor. 3rd rate software.


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RE: Drafter-Architectural designer-architect-whats the difference

I hid Virginia between 2 other states just to annoy brickeyee.

I hope this will end the silly arguments about what designer titles are legal in this country.

The most specific law is from British Columbia. It says the same thing as the ones above but it spells it out for those too dense to understand the US laws.

BRITISH COLUMBIA
For an individual who is not registered as a member, (i.e., who is not an architect) or for a business that does not hold an AIBC Certificate of Practice, the use of the following descriptive terms and variations is NOT ACCEPTABLE:
- "ARCHITECT";
- "GRADUATE ARCHITECT";
- "ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN(ER)";
- "ARCHITECTURAL DRAFTSMAN" or "ARCHITECTURAL DRAFTSPERSON";
- "ARCHITECTURAL SERVICES";
- "DESIGN ARCHITECT";
- "PROJECT ARCHITECT"
- "RESEARCH ARCHITECT";
- "INTERIOR ARCHITECT";
- "ARCHITECTURAL REPRESENTATIVE";
- "ARCHITECTURAL CONSULTANT";
- "ARCHITECTURAL TECHNICIAN";
- "ARCHITECTURAL TECHNOLOGIST" (unless so registered as an associate with the AIBC);
- "INTERN ARCHITECT" or "ARCHITECT-IN-TRAINING" (unless so
registered as an associate with the AIBC); and
- "ARCHI-" (prefix when used in a building design/construction context such as
"ARCHITECTONIC", etc.).

In other words leave the architectural profession alone and find you own titles.


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RE: Drafter-Architectural designer-architect-whats the difference

Hooray for BC! Always liked that area!


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RE: Drafter-Architectural designer-architect-whats the difference

Similarly, North Carolina went after a blogger who was writing about nutrition on his blog and sought to convict him and incarcerate him. His crime? He as offering nutrition advice to the public and was not a licensed nutritionist in the State of North Carolina. Nutritionist were using the power of government to protect their own livelihood.

Interior designers are trying to get the same protection of the law. Hair Stylists are doing the same. Any group with deep enough pockets can spend money to get lawmakers to pass these rent-seeking legal protections.

Were Michaelangelo and Bramante, you know, the fellows who designed St. Peters licensed architects or where they Designers or Design builders? The point here is that architecture describes a process and this process predates states licensing, so to preclude from participation those who engage in the process but are not licensed clearly indicates that one set of people have co-opted this history and have found ways to have government be their enforcer.

Ralph Lauren's Polo brand did the same. Polo and polo players existed long before Lauren graced the Earth with his presence but now anyone who tries to use the term polo in order to invoke associations with polo the game or the culture of polo players is in violation of Lauren's trademark.

The argument with restricting the use of the term architecture would be more clear cut if the term wasn't hijacked by one group of people in the broad architecture profession and instead of claiming this historical term for their own use they had devised a new term to describe the particulars of their profession and then sought to protect that term. Inventing something and wanting to protect it is quite a bit different from misappropriating something and then claiming that its yours.


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RE: Drafter-Architectural designer-architect-whats the difference

AlexHouse, you raise a great point. Let's return, as quickly as possible, to those historical times when physicians used leeches to practice medicine! After all, if it was good enough hundreds of years ago, it should be just fine now, right?

And how about the practice in London, after the Black Plague, when the wagons would come down the street, with drivers calling out, "Throw out your dead!" Let's just continue that as well, don't you think?

Why would any of us want to advance on the basis of greater knowledge and experience over time?

Speaking of architecture, the only major domed catherdrals left standing in Europe are just those that didn't collapse! So why don't we just keep throwing up structures and see which ones last and which ones don't?

History is such a good teacher: but one has to heed the lessons of history.

By the way, who is the "group of people in the broad architectural profession" who hijacked anything? Just curious.


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RE: Drafter-Architectural designer-architect-whats the difference

By the way, who is the "group of people in the broad architectural profession" who hijacked anything? Just curious.

Were Bramante and Michealangelo licensed by the state so that they could practice architecture or did architecture not exist before state licensing?

If having a state license is a necessary condition to using the terms architect and its derivatives, then who designed St. Peter's? Were there no architects involved? Is St. Peter's not an example of architecture? Was architecture not practiced throughout history and only began to be practiced when states got around to licensing those who perform the service?

Architecture existed long before there were accreditation practices for architects, it existed long before one group of architects twisted government in order to create a restraint of trade which protected them from competition and prohibited their competitors from using the term that naturally applied to their work for millenia, it existed and was practiced with varying levels of skill and design panache long before schools of architecture sought to codify and teach, etc.

Architecture has always been understood as a broad umbrella term to describe planning and designing of buildings. No one understood architecture to mean a practice conducted only by those who are licensed by a state to conduct an activity. Architects have appropriated the name and rich history of this activity and reserved it for themselves.

Don't feel bad though, rent-seeking is prevalent in society.


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RE: Drafter-Architectural designer-architect-whats the difference

AlexHouse sets the bench mark for ridiculous off-the-wall commentary and observations here at the GardenWeb. It's best to just ignore him but I did enjoy the reference to polo players. He may need a new tinfoil hat.


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RE: Drafter-Architectural designer-architect-whats the difference

You liked the reference to polo, huh? Here's more:

But according to the USPA, the legal donnybrook with Lauren hasn't reached its end game. Several recent cases were adjudicated in Polo Ralph Lauren's favor. The USPA counter-sued last summer. That litigation is still pending, said Michael Sommer, an attorney for Jordache and the USPA in New York.

The association is outraged that Lauren, a "non-rider" in business since 1967, would sue for rights to the name of a sport that's been around 1,000 years. USPA Properties is the official licenser for the USPA, and Jordache has a polo brand of its own: a USPA line of designs. . . . .

The judgment of the court was that Polo Ralph Lauren owned the name of the sport for commercial purposes.

Hey, while polo has been played for a 1,000 years before Ralph Lauren came up with the idea of appropriating the name and image of the sport to sell his clothes, architecture has been practiced for far longer and there was never any requirement that those who were engaged in the design of homes and other buildings be licensed by the state. Why, it's almost like Lauren and architects are using the power of government to enrich themselves by restricting trade.

Now don't get me wrong, I believe that architects add positive value to many design situations and this value can't be duplicated by a draftsman or designer but that isn't the issue here and with this legislation for what we see going on here is a appropriation of a term that has long history in language and culture and its restriction to a small group of people through the co-option of government.

Look at that BC legislation - restrictions on the use of - "PROJECT ARCHITECT" and "RESEARCH ARCHITECT" terms that are commonly used in software design. Both reference the etymology of architect which predated state licensure.

Oh, btw, who were the architects of St. Peter's and who licensed them?


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RE: Drafter-Architectural designer-architect-whats the difference

You are terribly confused about the history of architectural design. In the times you mention buildings were built by wealthy families, governments and the church. Those entities chose who would be allowed to design and build their buildings often as patrons. A designer would work for half a lifetime usually starting as an apprentice as Michelangelo and Palladio did. If they were very good they gained the reputation necessary to be hired to design the relatively few projects available.

Times have changed. There are a lot more buildings and more are being built everyday. These buildings, if not regulated, would be dangerous to their inhabitants and the environment. Legislatures in every state have seen fit to regulate those who design these buildings safely and for some reason you feel they don't deserve to be known as architects, what, because software designers come along and want to use that name? Who has a greater right to use the name given to Michelangelo and Palladio? CAD draftsmen after taking an online course? The reason professional titles like doctor, lawyer, architect and engineer are restricted is that they are no longer hired by the wealthy and powerful but by ordinary people who can easily be taken advantage of. They need a way to distinguish between trained and untrained designers and those who continue to learn and who must meet professional standards to keep their title.

But you must know all of this - you only want to throw out specious arguments to antagonize people and derail forum threads. The name for that on the internet is a "troll".


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RE: Drafter-Architectural designer-architect-whats the difference

So you concede that architecture exited prior to state licensing, you concede that the hiring of architects was between the architect and patron and that there was no governing or regulating body interfering in this arrangement.

OK.

Now with that out of the way let's move forward.

These buildings, if not regulated, would be dangerous to their inhabitants and the environment.

A house designed by a non-architect, say a draftsman or home designer, is dangerous to inhabitants and the environment? Only an architect can design a safe home?

Legislatures in every state have seen fit to regulate those who design these buildings safely and for some reason you feel they don't deserve to be known as architects,

Legislatures are known to do the bidding of many private interests. For instance:

In 22 states, including Arkansas, it is illegal to call yourself an interior designer without going through an arduous and expensive certification process. In Nevada, it's illegal to do interior design without a license. That's right, advising someone about drapes could land you in the hoosegow.

Like many states, Arkansas has an Interior Design Board. The sole purpose of this board is to register interior designers.

. . and for some reason you feel they don't deserve to be known as architects

Before the term got misappropriated by contemporary architects, everyone involved in the process of planning and designing a building had a right to claim that they were involved in the process of architecture. Today, home designers are still practicing architecture, that is, they're planning and designing homes. They're doing what people have been doing for thousands of years. What architects have done is they've convinced government to grant them the exclusive right to a name and a process and to exclude others who are doing the same work from referring to that work as it's always been known.

How could architects have existed without state licensing? If they existed back then and the same work is being done today, then designers who are not licensed as architects are still doing architectural work.

If you guys had come up with a name like "building design and construction maestro" to describe your specialized subset of work in the field of architecture and usurpers who didn't have your training were trying to hijack your profession's name, then you'd have a pretty strong case to protect your name.

Look, the vintners of Champagne are doing the same thing as you. People have been making Champagne for a long time but now only growers within the Champagne region of France are entitled to call their product Champagne and everyone else must use the term sparkling wine. Amazing what the lobbying of government can do to aid in the misappropriation of a useful name, huh?

They need a way to distinguish between trained and untrained designers and those who continue to learn and who must meet professional standards to keep their title.

Absolutely agree. I have no problem with licensing, it's the zealotry in defense of a misappropriated title - a home designer is engaged in the practice of architecture when he is designing a home, plain and simple. Your profession can still distinguish itself from the riff-raff by claiming to be licensed architects, which is a statement of fact, and the important aspect here for the general public is the licensing, which is, after all, the whole point about professional standards. Come down like a ton of bricks on people who claim to be licensed but are not.

But you must know all of this - you only want to throw out specious arguments to antagonize people and derail forum threads.

Arguments you don't like are not specious by definition. My point here is to highlight the atrocity of rent-seeking and misappropriation of common concepts for private gain.

If architecture arose when there were fewer standards, then shouldn't the logical way forward for a sub-group of architects who adhere to higher standards be to devise a new way to refer to themselves rather than trying to ban everyone else from referring to themselves and what they do as has been common practice for centuries?


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RE: Drafter-Architectural designer-architect-whats the difference

The Wall Street Journal reports from Florida:

Interior designers may seem to inhabit a genial world of pastel palettes and floral motifs. But right now in this state, their industry is locked in an indecorous pillow fight over who has the right to design. . . .

The thought of "someone in my position that thinks they know what they're doing because they watched HGTV for two weeks scares me," licensed interior designer Terra Sherlock said at a hearing in March.

Another licensed designer, Michelle Earley, argued that use of the wrong fabrics in hospitals could spread infection. By deregulating, she told lawmakers, "what you're basically doing is contributing to 88,000 deaths every year," citing a study by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention on deaths from hospital-acquired infections. . . .

Supporters of deregulation say these claims are little more than scare tactics. Licensed designers want one thing, says Clark Neily, senior attorney at the Institute for Justice, a libertarian law firm: To choke off competition from upstart designers who lack degrees. "I've never seen a more concerted and virulent cartelization effort," says Mr. Neily.

Similar tussles have broken out elsewhere, but Florida, which is considered by many in the industry to have the most strictly enforced licensing law in the country, is ground zero. A host of national interest groups have descended on Tallahassee, including the pro-licensing American Society of Interior Designers and the anti-licensing National Kitchen and Bath Association. Among the auctioneers, travel agents and telemarketers who are also in town lobbying to keep their professions regulated, designers have made the biggest ruckus. . . . .

The safety argument is all part of ASID's "full-scale assault on design freedom," says Patti Morrow of the Interior Design Protection Council, which opposes licensing requirements. Every year, ASID pushes a bevy of bills that would regulate interior design in some way, she says. "I have about 20 on my desk so far this year."

Even so, some argue that enforcement in Florida can be over zealous. Anyone caught practicing without a license can face fines and up to a year in jail.

Nancy Stehle, a designer from New Jersey who relocated to Fort Myers and lacks a license, found herself in the cross hairs of the state's Board of Architecture and Interior Design in 2008. She received a cease-and-desist letter from the enforcement agency for calling herself a designer in an ad in the Yellow Pages.

"I had never even had so much as a traffic ticket," she says. The letter instructed her to pull the ad and sign an affidavit saying she wouldn't call herself an interior designer or face disciplinary action and a $5,000 fine.

If deregulation succeeds, she hopes to return to the commercial work she used to do in New Jersey. "The licensed people are concerned about competition," she says. "My feeling is, if you're good at what you do, you never have to be concerned."


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RE: Drafter-Architectural designer-architect-whats the difference

This thread is about the difference between Architects and Architectural Designers not interior designers, nutritionists and others I don't bother to read about.

The issue is not what services people provide but what words they use to convince unsuspecting prospective clients to hire them. Anyone can design a house and call themselves a home designer, residential designer, etc., but if someone uses the title "architect" or any derivative of it, people have the right to assume that person has been trained, has met certain standards of competence, and has not caused harm to previous clients through negligence. You have completely confused the two issues and hijacked the thread for what purpose I can't imagine.

The idea of licensing professions resulted from the general structure of medieval society, which was strictly organized according to status, crafts, trades and professions. Each such vocational group had regulations, standard-setting codes, guaranteeing highly qualified services to society. The way to escape this regulation was to serve in the royal court. Michelangelo, unlike Bramante, was too difficult a person to serve a court and was eventually emancipated from guild regulation by papal intervention. Is this the system you prefer? The the regulation of guilds and the patronage of kings and popes?

The essential rationale and standard for the present day regulation of professions in this country was set forth by the U.S. Supreme Court in Dent v. West Virginia, 129 U.S. 114, 122 (1889), when the Court wrote:
"The power of the State to provide for the general welfare of its people authorizes it to prescribe all such regulations as, in its judgment, will secure or tend to secure them against the consequences of ignorance and incapacity as well as of deception and fraud. As one means to this end it has been the practice of different States, from time immemorial, to exact in many pursuits a certain degree of skill and learning upon which the community may confidently rely, their possession being generally ascertained upon an examination of parties by competent persons, or inferred from a certificate to them in the form of a diploma or license from an institution established for instruction on the subject, scientific and otherwise, with which such pursuits have to deal. The nature and extent of the qualifications required must depend primarily upon the judgment of the State as to their necessity."

If you wish to learn from history you must study it instead of creating a fantasy world to further specious arguments.


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RE: Drafter-Architectural designer-architect-whats the difference

"A house designed by a non-architect, say a draftsman or home designer, is dangerous to inhabitants and the environment? Only an architect can design a safe home?"

There is nothing in any of the licensing regulations of any state that requires the designer of a 1 or 2 family house to be a licensed architect. In fact many states allow anyone to design a 3 or even 4 family dwelling. Architects are required to design buildings used by the public. Residential designers could use the title architect if it was not already taken for he design of larger buildings, a tradition that goes back long before Michelangelo was born.

The book linked below was written by my favorite grad school professor. Read it before making any more uninformed comments about Michelangelo work in mid-16th century Rome. He would not have even been considered if the Pope's first two choices had been available. If you won the approval of powerful people you could escape the normal restrictions and regulations. Fortunately, today you can study and be accepted in a profession through your own efforts. Why would you glorify a system based on indentured servitude and patronage?

Here is a link that might be useful: The Architecture of Michelangelo


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RE: Drafter-Architectural designer-architect-whats the difference

I'm not sure why this discussion has strayed so far from the original question. Is AlexHouse, perhaps, a residential designer or an interior designer (or connected to one) wanting to air years of frustration?

The simple fact is that there is considerable difference between an architect, a designer, and a drafter. The differences have been pointed out in the thread.

History is interesting and informative, but the original poster asked a reasonable question which deserves a reasonable discussion based on actual conditions as they exist today.

If one wants to start a thread on the injustice of licensing professionals by individual states in the U.S., please do so. Or one wishes to bemoan the history of how professions were/are defined and regulated, by all means do so. But don't clog this thread with those frustrations.

Carry on!


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RE: Drafter-Architectural designer-architect-whats the difference

The current Boston City Hall was designed by Gerhard Kallmann, a Columbia University professor, and Michael McKinnell, one of his graduate students neither of whom were licensed architects at the time that they won a 256 entry design competition and subsequently formed a firm with a Massachusetts licensed architect.

The registration laws of all 50 states do not prevent anyone from designing any kind of building; they only prohibit an unlicensed person from claiming that they are licensed and require a licensed architect to stamp the construction documents in order to protect the safety and health of the public.

If you think you are a really good designer and want to have the legal capacity of an architect you only need to find a competent architect willing to form a partnership with you. So don't get hung up on titles. Today you are only limited by your talent and skill unlike the unfortunate artists and building designers of the 16th century.


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RE: Drafter-Architectural designer-architect-whats the difference

Of course, attempting to limit the practice of architecture to "licenced" architects is rent seeking to the extent that the state enforces it.

But, as pointed out, it is a monopoly that doesn't cover the design of low-rise residences.

Do we really need to argue that Official licencing is no assurance of quality care or professionalism? Perusing cases of medical malpractice should convince anyone of that truth.

But all this is far from the point of this thread: not everyone who calls themselves an "architect", as the term is legally defined by the rent seekers, really is one .

Here is a link that might be useful: Rent seeking defined


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RE: Drafter-Architectural designer-architect-whats the difference

For those who find "professionals" and "licensing" of professionals and other trades/endeavors upsetting, perhaps a brief review of what matters were like in earlier times will be useful.

As has been pointed out, crafts guilds ruled in the construction field, i.e., masons, carpenters, wheelwrights, etc. There was no formalized and accessible body of knowledge in the guilds. One simply apprencticed to a "master" for many years, learning one's craft by trial and error. Win some and lose a bunch!

When one can buy one's self out of apprentice mode and start risking one's own reputation and neck as a "master", so much the better, right?

For successful builders such as Bramante, Michaelangelo and many others, they were fortunate to have patrons who commissioned them and financed and supported them. They were more fortunate still in that their buildings did not fail and collapse. As such, their names are preserved in history.

For every Bramante and Michaelangelo, however, there were hundreds (perhaps more?) of other aspiring "masters" whose building did fail and collapse. Their trial and error approaches resulted in loss of capital and deaths. As a result, the common response was a painful, slow and public death for the failed "master", whose names are now lost to history in many cases.

For those who can find no positive condition for the licensing of professionals, why don't you simply return to simpler times: trial and error for whatever you do for a living and a painful, public death for error!

It may be a good example for the rest of us!


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RE: Drafter-Architectural designer-architect-whats the difference

"Prohibition of advertising or promotion using the word “architecture” in a manner that indicates or implies someone is an architect. "

I saw it just find.

You are like a child on a playground though.

Notice even your statement (and it is NOT the statute, you have heard of those?) does NOT prohibit the use of every form and phrase containing the word 'architect' just in a way that implies someone IS an architect with a license.


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RE: Drafter-Architectural designer-architect-whats the difference

Before this thread collapses into personal assaults, perhaps we should all step back and visit this site:

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/ancient/building-gothic-cathedrals.html

Program Description: Take a dazzling architectural journey inside those majestic marvels of Gothic architecture, the great cathedrals of Chartres, Beauvais and other European cities. Carved from 100 million pounds of stone, some cathedrals now teeter on the brink of catastrophic collapse. To save them, a team of engineers, architects, art historians, and computer scientists searches the naves, bays, and bell-towers for clues. NOVA investigates the architectural secrets that the cathedral builders used to erect their towering, glass-filled walls and reveals the hidden formulas drawn from the Bible that drove medieval builders ever upward.

The Beauvais Cathedral, in particular, is a georgeous chathedral that over-reached the knowledge of its builder and the technology of the day, resulting in a disasterous collapse.

See: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beauvais_Cathedral

Hopefully, we can all agree that this result is one we all strive to avoid...


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RE: Drafter-Architectural designer-architect-whats the difference

I'll let you guys fight it out, but finding the statute is pretty easy, Brickeye. I've linked below to the Code of Virginia, Title 54.1, Chapter 4, "Architects, Engineers, Surveyors, Landscape Architects and Interior Designers" so you can read the statutes. Hint: pay particular attention to Va. Code Ann. Code Ann. § 54.1-406(C).

Here is a link that might be useful: Va. Code, Title 54.1, Chapter 4


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RE: Drafter-Architectural designer-architect-whats the difference

The intent of the summary was to show that the use of "architectural designer" by an unlicensed person was prohibited in all 50 states. I quoted a summary of the Virginia stature that appears to have been abbreviated.

Here is the full text of the relevant parts of the Code of Virginia, Title 54.1 as of 2009:

54.1-406, item C :
"Any person, partnership, corporation or other entity which is not licensed or registered to practice in accordance with this chapter and which advertises or promotes through the use of the words "architecture," "engineering" or "land surveying" or any modification or derivative thereof in its name or description of its business activity in a manner that indicates or implies that it practices or offers to practice architecture, engineering or land surveying as defined in this chapter shall be subject to the provisions of Paragraph 54.1-111."

Paragraph 54.1-111, item A,3:
"Unlawful acts; prosecution; proceedings in equity; civil penalty.
A. It shall be unlawful for any person, partnership, corporation or other entity to engage in any of the following acts:
3. Making use of any titles, words, letters or abbreviations which may reasonably be confused with a designation provided by statute or regulation to denote a standard of professional or occupational competence without being duly certified or licensed."

"Any person who willfully engages in any unlawful act enumerated in this section shall be guilty of a Class 1 misdemeanor. The third or any subsequent conviction for violating this section during a 36-month period shall constitute a Class 6 felony."


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RE: Drafter-Architectural designer-architect-whats the difference

Renovator, I wasn't criticizing you at all by providing the link. Sorry if it came through that way. I value your input on this forum and it sure looks to me like the statute SUPPORTS the summary you provided.

Sneaky of you to hide Virginia in plain sight.


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RE: Drafter-Architectural designer-architect-whats the difference

mojomom, my last post was already written before you posted. I often don't get around to sending a post until later. Thanks for the kind words and support.

I didn't write these laws, I'm just trying to help members who asked about them understand them better.

What appears to be commonly misunderstood is that state licensing boards only have the authority to punish licensed individuals for illegal or inappropriate professional practices. They have no power over those who misuse a restricted professional title or impersonate a licensed professional. That is left up to the state attorney general's office, a consumer protection agency, etc. Even though these laws seem to overlap or be redundant they are usually enforced separately.

Licensing laws are for the protection of public health and safety and the laws restricting the use of professional titles are for the protection of consumers. An incompetent architect eventually loses his/her license and an impersonator gets fined. However, an impersonator gets a break in states that are more concerned with public health and safety than consumer fraud. In other words, consumer fraud is bad politics but collapsing buildings is VERY bad politics.

The good news for incompetent architects is that after losing their license they can still practice in states with lax enforcement of consumer protection laws. But they should stay out of states where multiple infractions are punished more harshly.


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RE: Drafter-Architectural designer-architect-whats the difference

AlexHouse has made some uninformed and misleading statements about laws regarding Interior Designers based on quotes from other uninformed people like this one:

"In Nevada, it's illegal to do interior design without a license. That's right, advising someone about drapes could land you in the hoosegow."

The law in Nevada law simply allows a "REGISTERED INTERIOR DESIGNER" to perform code regulated interior design work that was previously restricted to Architects. The law in no way restricts anyone from calling themselves an "INTERIOR DESIGNER" or from providing interior design services as they have in the past.

The Nevada law was in response to the protests of Nevada Interior Designers who wanted to be able to design the materials and structures of the interior of code regulated commercial buildings. The law has no effect on the interior design of 1 & 2 family homes or the work of those who continue to practice interior design as they have in the past.

REFERENCE:

"NRS 623.3601. - It is unlawful for any person to:
(a) Hold himself or herself out to the public or to solicit business as a ... registered interior designer ... in this State without having a certificate of registration or temporary certificate issued by the Board.
This paragraph does not prohibit a person who is exempt, pursuant to NRS 623.330, from the provisions of this chapter from holding himself or herself out to the public or soliciting business as an interior designer."

"NRS 623.330 - 1. The following persons are exempt from the provisions of this chapter:
(g) Any person who prepares drawings of the layout of materials or furnishings used in interior design or provides assistance in the selection of materials or furnishings used in interior design... if the preparation or implementation of those drawings or the installation of those materials or furnishings is not regulated by any building code or other law, ordinance, rule or regulation governing the alteration or construction of a structure."


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RE: Drafter-Architectural designer-architect-whats the difference

There tend to be two categories of laws pertaining to professionals:

--A title act, which limits who may use the professional title;
--A practice act, which limits who may use the title and who may practice the profession. This tends to be the more restrictive of the two categories.


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RE: Drafter-Architectural designer-architect-whats the difference

The interior designer law in Florida appear to be similar to Nevada. The US Appeals Court unanimously affirmed a 2010 district court decision upholding the law, in which Judge Robert Hinkle wrote “[it] promotes compliance with fire and accessibility codes, helps reduce indoor pollution, and protects consumers.”

The statute does not prevent any designer from performing the work they currently do but expands the scope of work for those who meet additional requirements (including work previously reserved for only licensed architects). Interior designers practicing in residential settings in Florida may do so without a license.


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