Electrical switch issue

Roy21February 7, 2012

Was replacing some switches and noticed something odd. If I attach the gound wire to the corresponding screw on the switch and touch the probe of my volt meter to the metal face of switch (NOT ANY OF THE SCREWS)and then touch the other probe to a ground (in this case a metal transition strip over concrete floor), I read 50 volts. Without the ground wire attached to switch,only 4-5 volt reading. Seems something has to be wrong.This occurs on all the switches on THIS CIRCUIT but not elsewhere. All switches wired correctly and everything good in Breaker Box (ground & neutral to bus bar,hot to breaker,every thing tight)

Would appreciate any feed back. Thank you,Roy

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bus_driver

No doubt the voltmeter is digital. When an energized conductor with AC power is near another conductor, a voltage is induced in one conductor by the other. But the amperage is so minute as to be impossible to measure with ordinary instruments. With a dial type voltmeter that depends on a current to operate the meter movement, the current is far too small to even make the needle move. Or to light a test light. I think you are reading "phantom" voltage.

    Bookmark   February 7, 2012 at 9:11PM
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bus_driver

It should be added that this is the case with the voltages encountered in house wiring. Voltages that are much higher, in the thousands of volts, are different animal.

    Bookmark   February 7, 2012 at 9:13PM
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samneric

The phantom voltage that busdriver is referring to is only only being measured because the "ground" wire that you are connecting/disconnecting from the switch is NOT electrically connected at the other end to the service ground. It SHOULD be, but it is not. It is only "floating" - and running with the hot wire of the lighting circuit causes it to show a phantom voltage when measured against something actually grounded.

You need to have this problem fixed ASAP.

    Bookmark   February 8, 2012 at 6:03AM
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Roy21

OK,checked connection at service panel for this circuit. Ground wire twisted tight with all ground wires for 120 circuits & firmly attached to bus bar. Do not think the problem is there. Any one have any other ideas?

    Bookmark   February 8, 2012 at 2:50PM
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kurto

The ground could be detached at any of the points of connection between the outlet in question and the panel. You'll need to look in each junction box for the circuit until you find the problem.

    Bookmark   February 8, 2012 at 8:24PM
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