Define dominance training
"Modern behavioral science has proven that forceful handling such as physical punishment, leash yanking, or making a dog submit by rolling it on its back is psychologically damaging for the dog and has potentially dangerous consequences for owners."
"Positive Reinforcement (+R): If you want your dog to repeat a behavior more frequently, reward that behavior in some way.
Negative Punishment (-P): If you want your dog to repeat a behavior less frequently, remove any reward or perceived award for the behavior."
spedigrees listed two sources(both of which I quoted above about dominance training versus reward training. I think I should quantify my definitions, since my use of dominance has engendered such negative reactions.
I completely agree with both the quotes above and my training is based on how dogs treat dogs, instead of how humans think dogs act.
I do not use any of those techniques listed in the first quote, other than a leash correction(which only happens after basic behavior is understood)---which in NOT the usual body position changing yank.
I use body language and voice corrections. Example: I have a dominant dog, off leash, who growls when I say EH(my no command)! I simply back the dog into it's corner/kennel using my posture (without touching the dog) and stand until the dog relaxes. Might take 20 minutes. Then I simply walk off. Repeat enough times to show the dog the unwanted behavior is not allowed. They do not get praised for exhibiting normal behavior. They get basic behavior down pat before leash training is even started. That way the voice command is much more controlling than the leash.
How about a submissive dog who will freeze on a leash? I stand quietly until the dog unfreezes and reward the unfreeze with praise. Rewarding desired behavior and ignoring unwanted behavior.
I have both types of dogs. One who was once so uncontrolled, he was almost seized by a court order and euthanized. Had I attempted to physically discipline him when I first got him, he would have bitten/attacked me. An unusually rare case? In a way, but only because of how long he had been uncontrolled(over a year). He is not mean, he is just has a very aggressive and dominant personality.
He is now quite well behaved and anyone with basic leash knowledge can walk him or control him(like at a boarding kennel)---and he is NOT neutered. I have never hit/rolled/punished him physically. Ever. But, he is not a pet. He is way too dominant for me to allow him to do pet type things. Like sleep on human furniture. I do play with him, groom, and goof off. But, he is always aware I am the boss. He never precedes me---ever. He gets fed only when I decide to do so. If I were to feed him when he asks---and he asks almost daily, he will be more insistent the next day. He can ask to go out and I let him out. And in. But, I sometimes leave him out after he barks to come in. Trail and error have shown me this is necessary.
However, because I believe in dogs need pack stability, I needed to get a second dog. Difficult when he attacked any other dog. So, I let him choose his pack mate. And he chose the most subservient, scared, miserable female that I have ever seen(and I worked for a vet for 4 summers).
And he proceeded to show me how she needed to be treated to rehabilitate her. I simply did what he did---ignored unwanted behavior and rewarded desired behavior. He even sensed she needed to go through a puppy stage---and allowed her to do that---jumping on him, chewing his ears/tail and so forth.
Until he deemed she was ready to be an adult---and he used the same technique I do---a short grunt, whereupon she went belly up and he walked off.
Now, I can correct her bad habit(only one---barking at other dogs) with the same 'Hey!' I use on him.
The female is a pet, she sleeps on the bed/couch, lays in my lap, and gets called a Pretty Girl. The male preceeds her outside/inside---she will not come in until he does.
But Heaven help him if he gets near her food.
I don't condone animal cruelty, and hitting an animal as a correction is not something necessary(except in cases where an animal is hurting a person or other animal.)
But, dogs have a system of dominance inherent in their society, and humans do well to understand how that system works and to adopt it when useful.